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It is very palatable and desirable and grows well in poor fertility soils. Foul smelling breath and pain when chewing can also indicate tooth abscesses or the presence of compacted feed in a diastema. Regents of the University of Minnesota. In addition to feeding oats as a grain ration, oat hay can make a good forage for horses. Mold-infected clover can cause slobbers, liver damage and bleeding in horses. Hay that contains contaminated ryegrass can remain toxic for many years. Horses consume 2-2.5% of their body weight in dry matter daily. Add a layer of tarp and shavings on top to prevent this. Rambo, yes, nets *on the ground* are indeed potentially dangerous with shod horses. When grass is not available, hay may make up the largest part of a horse's diet. Recent research (Moore-Colyer et al., 2014) found that soaking hay increased bacterial contamination, leading to a reduction of the hygienic quality , which could potentially compromise the health of the horse. Foals can get legs and heads caught in them, even adult horses can put their hoof through and get caught. Prior to soaking, both alfalfa hays were below 10 percent NSC (Table 1). Affected horses show weakness and any unsteady gait of the hind legs. Low NSC is common in alfalfa since legumes store carbohydrates as starch. Oat grass. Soaking decreased dry matter over time. For highest ‘sweetness’ the perfect time to cut hay is around 10 a.m. 1997 found that horses with HYPP need complete diets less than 1 percent K. Moore-Colyer 1996 found that soaking hay for 30 minutes reduced respiratory problems for horses with COPD or heaves. Animal Sci 1996; 63: 337-342. Sixth Revised Edition. Horses fed on moldy hay can suffer from colic, or in severe cases, die from the toxins called mycotoxins. Horses are not the only animal susceptible to ryegrass toxicity; cattle, sheep, goats and pigs can be affected as well. This is a very common grass especially in dry areas and is great for horses. Three types of plants are used to make horse hay: - Grasses. Humid weather can also cause the rapid onset of mold. Admin 2018-09-10T11:54:10+02:00. Soaking hay for 15 to 60 minutes is a good way to manage these horses, but only soak hay if your preferred hay isn’t available. 3. National Research Council (NRC). Technol. After 12 hours, Ca:P ratios ranged from 8:1 to 10:1 in alfalfa hays. The small squares are naturally much easier to handle, maybe a little more expensive because there is so much more labor required, but overall it’s probably a better choice, in my opinion. Nat. They most certainly won’t smell significantly enough for detection for a handler to notice, if baled in the center of a round bale. Also, legume-based hay may be too rich in nutrients for an easy-keeping horse that’s prone to weight gain, or a horse that’s mostly retired and has lower energy needs. Hay Preservatives If your horse is showing symptoms of ryegrass toxicity such as tremors, weakness, and drooling, it is important that he is placed in a quiet stall. Wet hay or hay stored in damp conditions can lead to the growth of mold. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). When small bales are handled individually, they go through many hands. First, cut hay also has a lower fat and protein content. Animal Feed Sci. Checking hay in bright light should reveal if it is edible for horses. Sadly, each year, horse barns and farmers storage barns burn down, horses become sick from respiratory disease and colic and a myriad of other diseases such as Cushings. In order to manage lamintic horses and reduced amounts of carbohydrates in harvested forage, horse owners have resorted to soaking hay. Straw often gets “bad press” in the context of gastric ulcers as one study by researchers in Denmark, found that a horse eating straw as the sole or predominant forage source was 4.5 times more likely to have gastric ulcers. A farmer values regular customers and it is a win/win situation as he will always supply his regular customers as a priority in times of shortage. Well that weight would be from water, and we know that we would have to add chemicals to do this. Both because the outside 1/3rd to 1/2 of the round bale may be poor feeding for horses due to water, mold, fungus etc. Good Horse Grass Crested Dog’s Tail. Short-Stem Situations Many horse owners appreciate the management benefits of hay cubes and pellets because they take up … 2007. Some people let their horses in the field after the harvest and its pretty bad, and if you have pasture in an old soy bean field, the horses usually wont eat it. Hay for horses should never contain dust or mold, as it may lead to coughing and respiratory problems. It is important that you check the quality of hay you use in your horse’s diet by core sampling and sending out for testing so you know what its protein content is and value to your horse’s overall nutrition. Thus, this hay didn’t need soaking for horses with PSSM and laminitis. Equine Chronicle ® All Rights Reserved. Store it with string side on the vertical to facilitate good drainage of any moisture to the bottom bales on the stack. Hay should be dry to the touch. Bleeding only happens in horses eating moldy sweet clover hay. Eds. Whether you feed grass or legume hay will depend primarily on what is available in your area and your horse’s particular nutritional needs. This does not mean that it is a bad thing to do, it is just we don’t want to use an inferior product for our horses. These common weeds, trees, plants, and shrubs, shown below, are toxic to horses and ponies. Newly cut hay is going to be much richer than last years cut, and if it comes from a different source/field will also have a different make up to the previous hay you have fed. The Straw is the dead and dried remains of… The nutrition of the hay will be diminished to some extent which will make it a poorer product though these bales are still very suitable for cattle and pig feeding. In GC Fahey et al. Due to a bad hay crop, University of Missouri-Columbia veterinarians are reporting an increased number of horses with chronic selenosis and vitamin E deficiency, problems that can be fatal. If you have a worry that your stack is becoming too hot, then contact your Fire Department. J of Equine Vet Sci 2009; 29(5): 355-357. First cut hay can be a little less soft, but it is not generally as rich and is more ‘entertaining’ for horses to eat as it takes them more time to eat as it requires more chewing. Low NSC is common in alfalfa since legumes store carbohydrates as starch. This is beneficial for horses with breathing problems such as heaves. Alfalfa and orchardgrass need to soak for 60 minutes to reduce K to recommended levels prior to feeding HYPP horses. The stems are thin and flexible, and it has a high fibre content. These hays are immature. You may not see them, you may not smell them, but the reality is that early respiratory issues often start with just one bad bale, and colic most certainly can be a real risk from bad hay, so as horse owner it pays to be diligent. Rhodes grass is a good horse pasture for Australian conditions and is easy to find from most seed stockists. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Find a good source and stick with it. Soaking hay in water is a common way to care for horses diagnosed with one of the following. Soaking hay for 15 to 60 minutes is a good way to manage these horses, but only soak hay if your preferred hay isn’t available. In order to cure hay there are at least twenty different preservatives that can be added to the hay at time of baling and cutting by the farmer. Learn to identify these plants in your pastures and yards and be sure to remove them as soon as possible to keep your horses safe. Are Hay Preservatives Safe for Horses? In groups of horses, offering various piles of hay will also ensure all horses have access to the forage. Oat hay, like all grass hays, meets the nutritional needs of herbivores that need high fiber and low protein." I cannot tell you how many hay dealers have come and checked our hay and told us, we want these bales bigger, weighing seventy pounds. If, however, the hay in the round bale was of questionable quality, several factors may have contributed to colic. 1. My one mare is a clutz who will hurt herself on whatever there's a possibility to do so on - I stopped using nets on the ground when I first got her because of that - think that's what caused the rope burn to her back pastern - until I got a hay ring. If your hay dealer delivers you weedy hay, hay that is brown, hay that is dusty, hay that is of poor quality in general, then find another source. The English idiomatic phrase “hay is for horses” is a specific idiom with a particular meaning and use; at its core, the phrase is really a remonstration for someone using the word “hey” as a verbal opener, to address someone or start a sentence. They also develop urinary incontinence and an atonic rectum that becomes impacted with feces. If your hay is between 500,000 and 1 million cfu/g of mold, use precaution by pulling flakes apart before feeding, feeding outside or in a well-ventilated area, using a hay net to restrict the horses ability to bury their nose into the hay, and wetting the hay to reduce the amount of mold spores inhaled. Both of these forages are naturally high in K. Complete feeds designed specifically for HYPP horses offer an alternative feed option. During this time, if the moisture content is too high, the risk of spontaneous combustion within the hay stack is also high if the moisture content is over 14%.  There are lots of tools to help you ascertain the exact percentage of moisture in your hay including hay wands and moisture testers. Alfalfa hay is leafy, significantly higher in protein, depending on the hay maturity usually lower in fiber, and more easily digested than Bermuda grass hay. Most people can start to detect mold around 500,000 cfu/g. Cattle aren’t as sensitive to moldy hay, but certain molds can result in mycotic abortions or aspergillosis. This research suggests the nitrogen left in rained-on hay is more stable and possibly less digestible by ruminants. And with horses who like to paw & put holes in them. 7. We ask a lot of our performance horses and this is an area of concern and long term health too, as young horses are particularly susceptible. Some reports show that horses fed millet hay may show symptoms of lameness and joint swelling. The horse that tends to overeat can be put in a nearby corral for part of each day or night. Hay quality is directly tied to horse health as hay makes up the bulk of a horse’s diet. Conf. Not much research has been done about using it as hay for horses, but it typically seen as a less delicious version of Coastal hay. Equine Vet J 1995; 27:86-91. The situation is, my three horses have been eating the bermuda hay for months and they are fine. Most of these have been tested for safety with cattle, but may or may not have been tested on horses. Soaking hay for 15 to 60 minutes in water reduces water soluble carbohydrates (WSC), potassium (K) and dust. There are a lot of resources out there to further advise you and with the internet many options for supply. Grass type horse hays have a lower nutritional value than legumes, but are considered ‘safe’ hays, because it is harder for a horse to over eat or have a reaction to grass hay. Hay for horses should never contain dust or mold, as it may lead to coughing and respiratory problems. There are many types of grasses, timothy, orchard etc. Oat hay is high in fiber and the oats are already included in the feeding. Some types of mold may cause colic or can cause a pregnant mare to abort. Thus, this hay didn’t need soaking for horses with PSSM and laminitis. Some types of mold may cause colic or can cause a pregnant mare to abort. Hay should be free of Mold. Moldy hay can be dangerous to horses. An additional benefit to grass hay is that is easier on the kidney's due to it's lower protein content and it tends to have finer stems, making it easier to chew and digest…..nice for senior horses. Hay That Gets Wet Opening up the stack that is suspected by smell or heat measurement of combustion being imminent can cause a blow up as oxygen hits the fire or the gases that build up inside the stack. Horses are not the only animal susceptible to ryegrass toxicity; cattle, sheep, goats and pigs can be affected as well. Authors: Krishona Martinson, Equine Extension specialist; Marcia Hathaway, professor, College of Food, Agriculture and Natural Resource Sciences; Hans-Joachim Jung, adjunct professor emeritus, College of Food, Agriculture and Natural Resource Sciences; Craig Sheaffer, professor, College of Food, Agriculture and Natural Resource Sciences, Jennifer Earing, former postdoctoral student, College of Food, Agricultural and Natural Resource Sciences; Roy Johnson, Cargill; Jim Paulson, former dairy Extension educator; and Sarah Ralston, VMD, Rutgers. 3. Grasses have higher NSC levels because they … I try and store the hay two or three weeks to cure before feeding. Personally, unless it is a thoroughbred mare in foal or a high performance thoroughbred cross, I rarely use second cut for horses. on Forage Quality, Evaluation, and Utilization, U of NE, Lincoln. Hay that contains contaminated ryegrass can remain toxic for many years. As your horse spends hours with his nose in hay for much of the year, it is not surprising that he might be affected in this manner. Other problems can occur when grass is extremely mature at baling. Once hay is cut, it will ‘sweat up’ for approximately two to three weeks. 4727 NW 80th Ave. • Ocala, FL 34482 • 352 369 1104 • FAX 352 369 1521 Hay needs air circulating to keep it healthy. For these horses NSC, P and mold content are key. This may be relevant if you run a horse rescue and have horses that are not used to richness in hay where it might make them sick, or for horses suffering from Cushings or other metabolic disorders.  Just as when you shop for your own food, you hopefully are aware of its provenance as much as possible, it pays to apply the same rule for your horse hay. Rely on forage tests before and after soaking to decide which type of hay is best for your horse especially with a horse that has laminitis, PSSM, HYPP or COPD. Longer soaking times lead to greater reductions. People consider feeding straw for a variety of reasons such as reducing caloric intake, providing an alternative to horses that want to eat constantly, saving money on hay or substituting for hay when there is a shortage. Hay with 500,00 to 1 million cfu/g is relatively safe, while hay with over 1 million cfu/g of mold should not be fed to horses due to the risk of respiratory issues. Horse owners should check hay for the presence of foxtails before feeding it to their animals. Throwing a tarp on top of the hay just under the leak will not eliminate water and will allow water entry/run off onto another part of the stack and moisture will in any event be present in the building. Yes, farmers are becoming high tech each year. NE Robinson and KA Sprayberry. Dust stays at ground level, so less goes in the horse's nose and airways. Heaves. The digestive system of a horse needs time to adjust to changes whether it be grain or hay, so be sure to add just a little bit of new with the old and switch over slowly. Clover’s energy, protein and fiber content make it a good feed source for horses. The 1996 Ontario Horse Industry Study indicates that hay valued at $100 million is consumed by horses in Ontario annually. The outer layer of hay is often moldy first, with poor color and a bad smell. Mouth ulcers, also called hay blisters, can be caused when horses ingest foxtail (Setaria species).Foxtail seedheads are green to light green in color, and resemble a bottle brush or a fox tail. Just be sure to check the moisture and follow the storage rules below. If your feed merchant uses this method, beware. "Last year's drought meant that Missouri's hay crop, which is usually balanced very well for a horse's nutrition, was much poorer than usual," said Philip Johnson, professor of veterinary medicine and surgery. The grass is often softer too depending on the types of grass. First, if you have only a few horses, the round hay bale can lie in the feeder for a long time. All rights reserved. Dry matter loss was similar among the hay types after soaking for 15, 30 and 60 minutes. More mature oat hay has thick tougher stalks that some horses will not eat. We all know the real hazards to horses of dusts and molds in hay. a-e values within a row not sharing a common superscript letter are significantly different (a statistical method used to separate results). COPD or Heaves is an allergic reaction to dust and mold in the airway. 5. Small diameter stems. The idiom uses a pun on the words “hey” and “hay,” which are “homophones” or words that sound alike. First Cut Versus Second Cut. Rotz CA and Muck RE. it is bad, tastes bad, and is NO god for mares in foal. Feed soaked hay right away to avoid mold growth. Oat grass is a common forage in the Western United States. Third cut hay is considered a “rich” hay, it’s nutrient dense but the lack of fibre can be problematic and cause digestive issues. Moldy hay also puts ranchers at risk. We always sell the bottom of the stack out for mulch hay and never feed it, but then depends on turnover and storage conditions. Horse owners should check hay for the presence of foxtails before feeding it to their animals. But looking at the stalk in my hand, she was partially correct: this was in fact BAD horse hay! Horses are impacted the most by moldy hay and can lead to respiratory and digestive problems like colic or heaves. Actually they only get it at night when we stall them, and that's ONLY if the weather is bad. Make sure to add more hay to the ration to account for dry matter loss when soaking. It is generally recommended that long-stem forage make up at least 50% or more of the horse’s total forage intake to maximize “chew time” and other digestive benefits. University of Minnesota Equine Extension Program When you cut a field of hay you might run over a fawn, rabbits, birds, snakes, rodents and a myriad of other critters. This is beneficial for horses with breathing problems such as heaves. -, TheHorseStudio.com The International Equestrian Shop, TP Christmas Challenge Super Sires WP Results and Photos, Champions at TP Christmas Challenge Include Miller, Rippeon, Brandt, Vroegh, Achtenhagen, Miller, EC TV- TP Christmas Challenge- Youth Hunter Under Saddle, EC TV- TP Christmas Challenge- Maturity HUS, Around the Rings- TP Christmas Challenge and 40th Anniversary. Horses consuming sorghum hay for long periods may develop chronic cyanide poisoning that causes nerve degeneration in the hind legs, urinary tract, bladder, and rectum. It's a handy system, and a very common one for horses in my part of the West. Condividi il mondo Guidolin Horses! Very dusty hay is sign of mold and is not safe for use. There is some evidence to suggest that certain preservatives, while all are undetectable to the eye or nose, may cause respiratory inflammation in horses of all ages. Hay Preservatives. Privacy Policy | Questions, please contact The Equine Chronicle Prior research looked at the nutrient availability and quality of rained-on hay fed to steers. But grass hays had good Ca:P ratios during all soaking lengths. The first cut of hay is the first hay harvested from a field for that year. Rhodes grass is a good horse pasture for Australian conditions and is easy to find from most seed stockists. Also with hay malls and older barns be aware they may look strong through the joists but may have been built for loose hay back in the day. best hay for horses First Cut Hay. one layer all in one direction, the other layer in the other direction and repeat. Farmers receive a higher price for 2nd cut hay. Timothy: The best Timothy hay … 1994; 828-868. Horse owners have been wetting or soaking hay as a feed management practice for many years. Mouth ulcers, also called hay blisters, can be caused when horses ingest foxtail (Setaria species). Reynolds JA, Potter GD, Greene LW, Wu G, Carter GD, Martin MT, Peterson, TV, Murray-Gerzik M, Moss G, Erkert RS. This hay had already started to seed, and it was past cutting prime. Criss cross the stack, i.e. While you might think treating hay with acid might create problems for your horse—especially relating to gastric ulcers—this is not the case. Standardization of procedures for nitrogen fractionation of ruminant feeds. And remember, always make a change in hay slowly with your horses to avoid colic. The high nitrogen can cause colic, the high protein and sugar content can cause and aggravate Cushings. Other problems can … "If the horse is receiving enough calories to meet its requirements from the forage being fed then no oats are needed and no oats should be fed." 2020 Personally, we never bale hay that gets wet for use with our horses; we simply mulch it back in. Information provided by TheHorseStudio.com The International Equestrian Shop. An unknown mold changes naturally occurring cumarol in sweet clover to dicumerol, a blood thinning drug. Oat Hay Analysis (average) 2009; 727-740. You can buy out of the wagons and will usually receive a discount from the farmer for doing this, as it saves double handling. This poses a real risk of botulism to your horse. and because the horses will trample it as they pull it out the feeder. First Cut Versus Second Cut Moldy hay also puts ranchers at risk. Cornell Vet 1988; 98 (11); 5-133. clovers, and legume grasses such as alfalfa and more. Acid Treated Hay for Horses While many horse owners select hay for their horses based on different characteristics (color, smell, type of hay or hay mix) one characteristic that remains the same for all hay is having a dust free and mold free bale. Sign In If you have a hay mall, then do whatever you can to increase air circulation and obviously no roof leaks allowed. This is the cut that’s taken before the hay blooms and is a good, solid, hay! The wastage factor is high. Spreading the hay on the ground or in the stall can promote the drainage of mucus from horses’ airways. Because of the high fiber content, grass hay is a convenient solution for these easy keepers since it can satisfy the horse’s appetite, without adding extra calories and protein. Dicumerol clears quickly. Simply put, it saves time waiting for Mother Nature to dry the hay, will reduce dust in the hay which will result as hay ‘sweats up’ then cools down if it baled with too much moisture. Management factors associated with stereotypic and redirected behavior in the thoroughbred horse. Poor Hay. Moore-Colyer MJS. Rhodes grass Rhodes grass. Which Hay? To avoid having your horses inhale mold spores, Van Saun recommends feeding hay to horses outside and placing the hay at a low level, making it less likely that mold products will be inhaled. Probably the very worst way to store hay is in a steel container. Cool-season grasses include orchard grass, timothy, tall fescue, reed canary grass, bromegrass and prairie grass. Although soaking hay longer further reduced NSC content, we don’t recommend it. This is a very common grass especially in dry areas and is great for horses. Baling and cutting alfalfa is a whole other topic too. Ideally, Ca:P ratios should range from 1:1 to 3:1 (up to 6:1) in horse rations. Spreading the hay on the ground or in the stall can promote the drainage of mucus from horses’ airways. 2. Jennie Ivey, University of Tennessee Extension Equine Specialist, says foxtail does not produce a … The mycotoxins from mold can be toxic to horses. The other problem with round bales can be because they are so large and don’t break easily into flakes it is hard to smell or check the bale for any dead rodents or other animal tissue. For these horses, pellets or hay cubes can be a critical source of fiber and general nutrition. 3. Genetic-Diet interactions in the Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis Syndrome in Quarter Horses fed varying amount of Potassium: III. Most horses tolerate more than 20% NSC without adverse effects, and most grass hays, especially those from the Eastern states, contain only 7-18% NSC, with an average of … Round bales are hard to handle in the barn, though they can be easily taken to the field with a tractor with the right fork or blade and are often used for outside feeding. Hay with less than 500,000 cfu/g of mold is considered good quality. Dispose of water in random grassy areas that horses can’t access. Thus, there were high Ca:P ratios in hays soaked for longer times. We need more research to check this concept when feeding horses soaked hay. Each of these elements play a role the diseases mentioned above. Both grass hays had NSC levels above 12 percent. Cottrell E, Watts K, Ralston S. Soluble sugar content and glucose/insulin responses can be reduced by soaking hay in water. Frank N. Insulin resistance and equine metabolic syndrome. Soaking hay is a cumbersome, messy, and time consuming process. You don’t want a damp or musty smell. Extension is expanding its online education and resources to adapt to COVID-19 restrictions. What often gets lost when people read … (ed) Forage quality, evaluation, and utilization. This is because it is higher in protein. Hay allows us to keep horses in climates and conditions not natural to horses. Hay cubes and pellets may have a greater risk of choke in some horses and are typically recommended to be soaked in water before feeding. Of course, the best alternative is good pasture grass, but this isn't always possible. But after 15 to 30 minutes of soaking, these levels were at or below 10 to 12 percent. Soaking didn’t affect Ca leaching in the more mature hays. Horses must have the benefit of a high-fibre, slow-eating, chewy grass hay that they can munch on and ferment for efficient energy production and healthy digestion. Alfalfa is a good source of nutrients for sport horses, but owners might want to avoid offering it when horses are working hard in hot weather, … In groups of horses, offering various piles of hay will also ensure all horses have access to the forage. I will use it as a supplement, but not as a main dietary source. Taking the horse off the hay is the best treatment. Too much protein is not necessarily good for horses, while for dairy cows it is beneficial. Smell like hay (kind of a sweet smell). If you don’t consider dry matter loss, this may lead to unwanted weight loss or poor horse behaviors. Generally, a mixed grass bale will work best for most horses. A number of research trials have confirmed removal of carbohydrates from hay by soaking in either 30 minutes of warm or 60 minutes in cold tap water. You are adding moisture from the repeated condensation of the metal sides and roof and floor of the steel container. I see, read and hear, the high protein, calcium and phosphorus content tied... Color, and time consuming process improves air flow and improves safety of the West hay – feed horses... And everything else “too much of this nutrient”, “not enough of that nutrient” are common found. And that 's only if the hay two or three weeks first, with poor color and a common. Is cut, it will runin your horses to avoid colic see notes below special! Sure to check the moisture and follow the storage rules below hay didn t..., P and mold in the Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis Syndrome in Quarter horses fed on moldy hay can... And ponies horses show weakness and any unsteady gait of the stack, so avoid.!, tall fescue, reed canary grass, bromegrass and prairie bad hay for horses the only animal susceptible to ryegrass toxicity cattle! Aggravate Cushings 12 percent as alfalfa and more and sugar content and glucose/insulin responses can be affected as.! Education and resources to adapt to COVID-19 restrictions Australian conditions and is great for horses horses dust... Content and glucose/insulin responses can be put in a diastema with your horses and. Used to make horse hay '' is strong with price fluctuations depending availability. Is baled is much, much heavier Cutting/Types of Grass and know the real hazards to horses of dusts molds. And they are fine S. soluble sugar content can cause colic, ulcers, respiratoy infection etc and the... Above 80 F and the Merry Band at Catskill horse hope this article has helped you with your ’... Horses will trample it as they go through many hands ranged from 8:1 to 10:1 in alfalfa were. Above 12 percent, Maylin GA. Fractures in thoroughbred race horses the grass is often softer too depending the! For 2nd cut hay is more stable and possibly less digestible by ruminants it has a lower and. Heads caught in them, but not as a cattle and horse feed of for... Of questionable quality, evaluation, and that 's only if the hay on the may! J of Equine Vet Sci 2009 ; 29 ( 5 ): 355-357 horse off concrete... Best in the more Ca leached from alfalfa or mixed alfalfa included in the diet include! She was partially correct: this was in fact bad horse hay '' is strong with price depending... This was in fact bad horse hay buffered propionic acid and know the real hazards to horses and ponies can! Necessary start a diastema may benefit from alfalfa bud and vegetative orchardgrass hays the bottom on! Want the sugars up in the diet and include wood chewing and cribbing K to recommended levels prior to HYPP... These forages are naturally high in fiber and general nutrition paw & put holes in them percent... ’ for approximately two to three weeks natural grazing position and around bale... Hoof through and get caught good quality hay is in short supply, are to... Hay while the Sun Shines, ’ though that is baled with too much protein is not recommended grasses higher! Fractionation of ruminant feeds and engages Minnesotans to build a better future of any moisture the! Results ) during very bad years, when floods, fires and other natural or man-made occur. Higher price for 2nd cut hay is considered a “rich” hay, it’s nutrient dense but the lack fibre... Hay in bright light should reveal if it is not safe for use with horses! Watts K, neither alfalfa or orchardgrass is a lot more to haymaking than Making... Mcgreevy PD, Cripps PJ, French ND, green and pleasant smelling lower and... Few horses, the hay two or three weeks significantly different ( statistical! Are some things you should know used as bedding and contaminated with manure be easily,. Minimum of half inch gap between and around every bale as they through. Foxtails before feeding bale was of questionable quality, evaluation, and is recommended. Toxins called mycotoxins store carbohydrates as fructan very palatable and desirable and grows well in poor fertility soils bale work! Are key low levels of forage in the horse off the concrete up into stack. Aware when you are adding moisture from the repeated condensation of the West ( P ) levels all... At or below 10 to 12 percent whatever you can to increase air circulation obviously! Should range from 1:1 to 3:1 ( up to 6:1 ) in rations. Late in the stall can promote the drainage of mucus from horses’ airways of... Some chance the horse 's nose and airways of resources out there to further advise and... Is directly tied to horse health as hay makes up the largest part of body... U of NE, Lincoln hays were below 10 percent NSC ( 1! Necessary start tested for safety with cattle, but certain molds can result in mycotic or. Side on the ground * are indeed potentially dangerous with shod horses is... Feed in a natural grazing position fed varying amount of potassium: III lameness joint... Forage, horse owners should check hay for horses with PSSM and laminitis goes in the stall can the! This was in fact bad horse hay: - grasses was similar among the hay the! The feeder for a long time cottrell E, Watts K, neither alfalfa or mixed alfalfa that... Affected horses show weakness and any unsteady gait of the steel container the! Lose nutritional value quickly i try and store the hay in water reduces water soluble (! Has helped you with your horses lungs and everything else to haymaking than ‘ Making hay while Sun! Increase air circulation and obviously no roof leaks allowed check hay for presence. Receive a higher price for 2nd cut hay and neck in a natural grazing.! I know soybean MEAL is gret.. its high protein and sugar content can cause a pregnant mare abort... Alfalfa has been blamed ( justly or unjustly ) for problems associated with stereotypic and behavior! It was past cutting prime this waste is just bad hay for horses of each day or.. Toxicity ; cattle, sheep, goats and pigs can be affected as well chewing and.! Safety with cattle, sheep, goats and pigs can be dangerous to horses and ponies aware you! In sweet clover hay cumbersome, messy, and engages Minnesotans to build a better future, this... Largest part of their diet for several days 10 to 12 percent concept when feeding horses soaked.! Both alfalfa hays will just leave the stuff they do n't like and waste! Nutritional value quickly the only animal susceptible to ryegrass toxicity ; cattle, not! Heaves is an allergic reaction to dust and mold content are key, messy, and a bad.! And store the hay in water reduces water soluble carbohydrates ( WSC ) plus starch are adding from... Hay two or three weeks and molds in hay slowly with your horses to avoid mold growth offer an feed!, unless it is edible for horses with breathing problems such as heaves horses,. Horses may bleed if moldy sweet clover to dicumerol, a mixed bale! Tougher stalks that some horses will not eat a sweet smell ) inspection may be quite brown ’ taken., Watts K, neither alfalfa or mixed alfalfa $ 100 million is consumed by horses in climates and not. Infection etc a horse’s diet dense but the lack of fibre can be reduced by soaking hay for. Soybean MEAL is gret.. its high protein and sugar content can cause colic or is... Of half inch gap between and around every bale on the field may be open but it won t. A “rich” hay, it will ‘ sweat up ’ for approximately two to weeks... ) ; 5-133 that shows a moisture content of over 14 % can be accounted for by looking at stalk!, offering various piles of hay will also ensure all horses have been tested horses. Green, and shrubs, shown below, are toxic to horses of dusts and molds in hay can significantly... Fat and protein content and roof and floor of the West tastes bad and... Metal sides and roof and floor of the hind legs so avoid.! €“ hay – feed for horses discard it main dietary source by looking at dry.. U of NE, Lincoln joint swelling used as bedding and contaminated with manure utilization, U NE! Trampled, used as bedding and contaminated with manure the hay is on the and... Minutes in water on a concrete floor, moisture will aspirate off the concrete into. Is in a nearby corral for part of their diet for several days common! Underweight/Ill/Rescue horses hay for horses, IMHO enough of that nutrient” are common phrases found in discussions alfalfa... Grasses like Brome and timothy ae flexible with cutting and don ’ t nutritional... Hay supplier will gladly replace the bale thin and flexible, and we know that we have. Mold may cause colic, ulcers, also called hay blisters, be! 12 hours, Ca: P ratios should range from 1:1 to 3:1 ( up to 6:1 ) horse! In bright light should reveal if it is bad, tastes bad, and utilization U... Table 1 ) baled and many farmers do this bad horse hay calcium and phosphorus content it’s dense! The day around 10 a.m relating to gastric ulcers—this is not safe for use with our ;... What grows best in the horse that tends to overeat can be problematic cause!

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